The FEWSION Supply Chain and Infrastructure Model

supply chain definition
infrastructure definition

Food, Energy and Water (FEW) supply chains are supported by infrastructure. FEW commodities tend to be massive and voluminous, and therefore require substantial infrastructure. Inflow/Outflow or Import/Export are implied in every step of the supply chain. At each step in the supply chain there is a point of origin of the flow, a point of destination for the flow, a route traveled by the flow, and a mode of transportation for the commodity flow. The FEWSION team has developed a standard supply chain and infrastructure model to help us communicate about supply chains, explained and diagrammed below.

Read the February 2021 Presidential Executive Order on America's Supply Chains HERE.

Seven FEWSION Supply Chain Model Steps:

  1. Extraction (from the environment, at the source, primary industry only): E
  2. Production (manufacturing, processing, value-add, business to business): P
  3. Storage (mass stockpiling, hubs, reserves): S
  4. Distribution (transportation, warehousing, last-mile distribution): D
  5. Retail (last-mile delivery): R
  6. Consumption (by human end users, not companies or producers): C
  7. Waste (from all sources, both producers and consumers, including recycling and reuse): W

FEWSION Supply Chain Model Diagrams

What follows is a graphical summary of commodities, supply chains, and infrastructures for each of the major components of the FEW infrastructure and supply chain.

Excerpt from: Saundry, P. and Ruddell, B.L. (eds.). (2020). The Food-Energy-Water Nexus. (AESS Interdisciplinary Environmental Studies and Sciences Series). Springer, 978-3-030-29913-2.